On June 28, 2021, the International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) mission started its work in the Republic of Belarus. The mission focuses on national arrangements for the physical security of nuclear material and nuclear installations, the physical protection system of the nuclear facilities, the system for the physical protection of nuclear material during its transportation, information, and computer security. The IPPAS mission will finish its work on July 9, 2021. Based on its results the IPPAS team will prepare the final report.
The IPPAS mission, as well as other assessment missions and peer reviews, is carried out on a voluntary basis and upon the invitation of the Republic of Belarus. The preparatory work was conducted by the Belarussian nuclear regulator Gosatomnadzor and other relevant parties.
The IPPAS mission team in Belarus is headed by the US expert Joseph Sandoval. The team also includes experts from the IAEA, Bulgaria, France, the Russian Federation, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Ukraine. For two weeks the team will study the legal basis for nuclear security, licensing activities in the field of atomic energy use, implementation of oversight over nuclear facilities, security activities, response to unauthorized actions in relation to nuclear facilities, physical protection of nuclear material during transportation and other topics. Working discussions with the representatives of the Belarusian side are scheduled as well as interviews of senior officials of organizations responsible for physical protection, document analysis, and a visit to the Belarusian NPP.
Belarus has already hosted several IAEA missions, including the State Systems of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material Mission in 2019. The country also hosted two missions of Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review including the regulatory component in 2012 and 2020.
Source: Belarus hosts the IAEA International Physical Protection Advisory Service mission